J Genomics 2019; 7:50-55. doi:10.7150/jgen.35875 This volume
Short Research Paper
1. Univ Lyon, Université Lyon 1, CNRS, UMR5557, Ecologie Microbienne, INRA, UMR 1418, 43 bd du 11 novembre 1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France
2. Univ Lyon, Université Lyon 1, CNRS, UMR5558, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Évolutive, 43 bd du 11 novembre 1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France
3. Univ Lyon, Université Lyon 1, DTAMB, FR 3728 BioEnviS, 43 bd du 11 novembre 1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France
4. Biofidal, 170 av Gabriel Péri, F-69518 Vaulx-en-Velin, France
Actinobacteria from genus Frankia are able to form symbiotic associations with actinorhizal plants including alders. Among them, Sp+ strains are characterized by their ability to differentiate numerous sporangia inside host plant cells (unlike “Sp-” strains unable of in-planta sporulation). Here, we report the first genome sequences of three unisolated Sp+ strains: AgTrS, AiOr and AvVan obtained from Alnus glutinosa, A. incana and A. alnobetula (previously known as viridis), respectively (with genome completeness estimated at more than 98%). They represent new Frankia species based on Average Nucleotide Identity (ANI) calculations, and the smallest Alnus-infective Frankia genomes so far sequenced (~5 Mbp), with 5,178, 6,192 and 5,751 candidate protein-encoding genes for AgTrS, AiOr and AvVan, respectively.
Keywords: Frankia, AgTrS, AiOr, AvVan